J.M.Barrie was Rector of St Andrews from 1919 until 1922. He made his Rectorial speech on May 3rd 1922 on the theme of 'Courage'. It is a remarkable work and if you have not read it, you can do so HERE.
Over the next three years the J.M.Barrie Literary Society hopes to work with St Andrews University to develop a programme of events and connections with students,alumni and 'town and gown' and first out of the traps is our 'Rector's Challenge' essay writing 'competition.' (I use the word 'competition' lightly, as I find the whole nature of competitive writing somewhat distasteful!)
Basically, St Andrews students are being asked to respond to the following:
“I want you to take up this position: ‘Youth have for too long left exclusively in our hands the decisions in national matters that are more vital to them than us.’”
Discuss this statement from J.M.Barrie’s 1922 Rectorial Address ‘Courage’ and its relevance to the modern world.
The 'challenge' is to submit an essay (or creative response) of between 1000-3000 words. The deadline is January 6th 2020. Essays must be submitted to J.M.Barrie Lit Soc via email email@example.com in Word or PDF format.
Prize (if you must have a prize) is publication in the J.M.Barrie 160th anniversary Journal. (9th May 2020)
Anyone else who wishes to write a piece (on this or any other topic) in connection with J.M.Barrie 'Man and Boy' should submit their work - between 500 and 5000 words via email as soon as possible and before Feb 1st 2020 for consideration into Volume 3 of our Journal Anon.
JMB/St Andrews Timeline
2019 (November?) Centenary of J.M.Barrie elected Rector of St Andrews
2020 May 9th. J.M.Barrie’s 160th anniversary
2022 May 3rd Centenary of JMB’s Rectorial speech ‘Courage’ at the University.
To engage current students (alumni, town and gown) with Barrie and his connection to the University over the centenary period 2019-2022 through creativity and reflection.
Points of Connection
There are interesting links between current Rector and JMB:
The current Rector is doing what JMB suggested young people need to do!
‘Perhaps the seemly thing would be for us, their betters, to elect one of these young survivors of the carnage to be our Rector. He ought now to know a few things about war that are worth our hearing. If his theme were the Rector's favourite, diligence. I should be afraid of his advising a great many of us to be diligent in sitting still and doing no more harm.’
Deliver a series of WORKSHOPS over the next few years.
Develop Responses to the ‘Courage’ speech for a centenary publication in 2022
Cross discipline – creative responses literature, creative writing, drama, film, history, politics, psychology, philosophy.
Explore /perform Barrie’s dramas more extensively (Byre/Mermaids connection?)
Writing the ‘lost’ St Andrews play. The ‘real’ boy who never grew up.
Create a series of short films which deal with the aspects of the speech and its relevance to today for YouTube/Society website.
What does St Andrews mean to you?
If you could choose your hour from all the five hundred years of this seat of learning, wandering at your will from one age to another, how would you spend it?
The Courage Speech.
There are two famous quotes in this speech – but it’s rarely known they come from here:
God gave us memory so that we might have roses in December
A famous quote but few know where it comes from
it is not real work unless you would rather be doing something else
Another famous quote!
Responses to ‘Courage’
It’s a wide ranging speech.
Wars past and future
Exhorts youth to be active, challenge everything, beware of apathy and not to let those ordinary heroes who died, die in vain.
Honesty, humble beginnings and hard work are to be praised.
We are all failures in the end
Don’t live up to or get caught up in your own press.
What actually IS courage? How one faces the journey of one’s life. What one makes of it.
Other authors: Scott, Burns, Henley, Stevenson, and Captain Scott.
JMB’s philanthropy is why he’s best known for PP. JMB Lit Soc aims to go beyond PP.
JMB did indeed grow up -
In 1919 immediately post-war he was still grieving for George.
Echoes of the War plays published 1918.
In 2022 he was grieving for Michael.
It was a very bad time in his life.
Dr Andrew Nash, our President and leading academic Barrie expert, got his Doctorate from St Andrews. And I, more humble, got my degree here. I’m willing to bet that neither of us will ever be Rector, but that he is in the queue far ahead of me!
Lucie Sutherland’s pocket sized book on J.M Barrie’s Peter Pan explores the versatility of the play; offering insight into the historical, material and cultural contexts of the play. In 66 short pages it covers the period of the creation of the play as well as critiquing stage and screen adaptations which have come afterwards.
Sutherland notes that Peter Pan is ‘both thematically complex and commercially astute, with an enduring interest for audiences.’ In her work she addresses both of these aspects in as much detail as the short form allows.
Her work does not (often) seek to stray into the realms of meta-textual analysis, but rather to focus on the play’s construction, reconstruction and reception. As such it offers much information and food for thought.
The three main chapters consider the development of the play, the first performances and subsequent adaptations. All of these are interesting and engaging, covering new as well as familiar ground.
The Introduction suffers from one biographical inaccuracy, where Dumfries Academy is air-brushed out, to be replaced by Forfar Academy. It’s a small but significant slip (especially if you have either Forfar or Dumfries connections)because of the impact of Dumfries Theatre Royal on the schoolboy. To correct the factual error it should be noted that Barrie’s schooling is as follows: Glasgow Academy 1869-1871, Forfar Academy,1871-1873 and Dumfries Academy 1873-1878.
This aside, the book offers much to engage. It is particularly strong on the production process. For example, there is discussion of the pantomime aspect of the play. I had not considered this before, but it helped me draw a contextual connection with the short play Pantaloon which was performed for the first time in April 1905, shortly after the initial performances of Peter Pan.
Considerations of the origins and contextual significances of ‘Never Land’ might have been further developed had space allowed, though of course this is both a vast and mined field for appraisal.
The chapter on stage and screen adaptations offers review and overview, and the section ‘Appropriating Peter Pan’ tantalisingly moves towards meta-textual analysis through consideration of Finding Neverland and the 2003 film version of Peter Pan. Again, the deeper argument here is only constrained by space but is certainly interesting and thought provoking. And other works are given their relative due, providing breadth of comparision.
Peter Pan is a difficult play in so many ways. Consequently, it is a difficult play to write about and Lucie Sutherland is to be applauded for presenting this short work, which brings so much information into one place and which offers a good start point for deeper discussion and further scholarship.
J.M.Barrie's Peter Pan by Lucie Sutherland is published by Routledge in The Fourth Wall series.
In preparation for JMB 160 in 2020 we are building up a bank of reviews both about his works and about writing about him/his works.
If you have a contribution (or a suggestion for a review) please leave your comments below or email us at firstname.lastname@example.org
We are also in the process of 'reviewing' our Society editions... watch this space... again, if you have a commentary or review to submit, please email us with it.
It is great to see that Barrie merits three specific chapters in the new publication ‘The Land of Story-Books’.
It seems there has been a dearth of critical writing on Barrie published since the 2014 volume ‘Gateway to the Modern’, which perhaps reflects that Barrie is still something of a side-line in academic study both in Scotland and the UK. But a volume on Scottish children’s writing of the ‘Long’ Nineteenth Century could hardly miss him out, could it?
Notably, in this volume, the three chapters featuring Barrie all come from American institutions. Make of that what you will. It is perhaps less surprising that they all to a greater or lesser degree take colonialism as part of their argument. While this fits in with the overall theme of the volume, I find it affords a rather too simplistic perspective. Barrie is becoming acknowledged as a ‘writer of complexity and contradiction’ and at times I feel that this complexity and contradiction escapes all of the chapter authors. In the process of their struggle, perhaps it is inevitable that within what appear to be quite sophisticated academic arguments, they reduce Barrie to some of the old, well-worn myths(dare I say clichés)from which those of us who appreciate Barrie ‘beyond’ Peter Pan, strive to build a more nuanced approach.
That said, all three arguments have plenty to recommend them as positions for debate. In Chapter Nine Hayes avows his desire to ‘move the debate on’ from the Kailyard school, paying due credit to the work done by Nash in this regard, but his argument is limited, not least by non-inclusion of S.R.Crockett as central to his theme, and by a few rather dubious claims. While questioning whether Peter Pan was for children at all, Hayes notes that Barrie’s choices: ‘largely fit with our understanding of Barrie, especially in looking backward to earlier parts of his career - his creation of his ‘Tommy’ character and a series of highly sentimental tales around 1890 that were clearly built for a youthful audience’. That he mis-attributes the ‘Kailyard’ to 1880s I could overlook, but suggesting that the Thrums stories were ‘clearly built for a youthful audience’ potentially lays him bare to a form of intellectual colonialism of his own.
Fierce’s chapter offers a deliberately socio-political appraisal, drawing links between domesticity and colonialism, but again I find areas of surprise (and weakness) in his developing argument regarding the Scottish/English aspects of Barrie and his work. He seems to misunderstand Barrie’s use of ‘Scots humour’ and in the process his argument also becomes reductive. The warning is: If you take Barrie at face value you miss the point.
As Hugh Walpole noted in 1938,‘Barrie tricked nine-tenths of us, and knew well that he was tricking us.’
In Chapter Fourteen, Hansen affords Barrie the honour of being compared alongside Shakespeare. While in some respects more nuanced than the previous two chapters, it still seems to get caught up in a reductive guddle, debating dualities and ‘oppositions’ rather than developing the argument into more productive areas concerning complexity of method, purpose and textual outcome. Still, it is good to see Barrie is being taken seriously and her attempt to explore beyond the modern pejorative stance on ‘sentiment’ is appreciated.
There is much to disagree with in all three chapters, but at least there is the hope that such disagreement will lead to some healthy debate!
Taken in all, these chapters do at least begin to open not just a window for Peter Pan to fly back in, but a door through which we might step to begin to debate Barrie’s works more seriously ‘beyond Peter Pan’, taking him out of the critical prison he has been held in for too long.
In the introduction, Sarah Dunnigan is clear that ‘this book is seen as a beginning. Rather than being seen as a comprehensive or all-encompassing account of nineteenth-century Scottish literature for, and about children,’ but it will be of interest to those who are looking for a scholarly approach to the emerging academic thrust to have the study of Scottish children’s literature given due credence and attention.
 ‘Scottish Children’s Literature in the Long Nineteenth Century’ edited by Sarah Dunnigan and Shu-Fang Li, published by ASLS 2019 and available HERE
 To me at least, and I do spend a reasonable amount of time trawling academic databases for such writings.
 ‘Gateway to the Modern: Resituating J.M.Barrie,’ ed Valentina Bold and Andrew Nash, ASLS 2014
 Andrew Nash, 2015 (‘Better Dead…’ in Scottish Literary Review) and Sarah Dunnigan, 2017 (‘J.M.Barrie’s Gothic…’ in Scottish Gothic: An Edinburgh Companion) are the exceptions,… please feel free to email me with others!
 Sadly the same cannot be said for his contemporary S.R.Crockett, a man with an equal claim to significance in Scottish literature for adults and children, yet a man still shrouded in the cloak of invisibility as far as academia is concerned.
 Sarah Dunnigan, 2017 in ‘Scottish Gothic: An Edinburgh Companion, 2017.
 Referencing Hollindale is all well and good but all their arguments might be strengthened with more reference to Jack’s later work.
 Chapter 9, Timothy S.Hayes, The Darkening Island: Stevenson, Barrie, and the Perils of Childhood.’
 Nash, 2007 Kailyard and Scottish Literature.
 I presented a conference paper on a similar theme at ASLS in 2017 (you can find a version of it here)
 Chapter Ten, Rodney M.D. Fierce, ‘Colonising Neverland: British Motherhood as Imaginative Play in J.M.Barrie’s Peter and Wendy.’
 Hugh Walpole, 1938 preface to ‘McConnechie and J.M.Barrie.
 Chapter 14, Caitlin, R.Hansen, ‘Betwixt-and-Between: Barrie, Shakespeare, and Playing at Childhood.’
 Which it by no means is. I suppose should manage my expectations (and disappointment) about S.R.Crockett’s non-inclusion. A re-evaluation of his work is as long overdue in children’s literature as it is in the adult world, and his inclusion would have added some depth (and no little controversy) to many of the chapters in which he is overlooked.
One of our members (Cliff Coles) is working on preparing a new Society edition of 'Jane Annie' libretto and score.
If anyone has any insight or interest in this play, please give us your comments below:
Member Elena Silvestri Cecinelli (who edited and wrote the introduction to our Society Volume 'My Lady Nicotine and other short works') is working on a Society edition of Ibsen's Ghost and other plays.
If anyone has comments or contributions to make to this, please do so below:
Members are entitled to a free copy of our annual Society Journal Anon. International members receive a downloadable version, and this is also available online to UK members at no cost. To get purchasing links click HERE
Our inaugural Journal was titled: Perspectives on Barrie (2017) while Volume 2 (2018) is titled Making Connections. The journals have an eclectic mix of commentary and review, as well as re-publishing of some of Barrie's own lesser known works.
We are currently working on the Third Volume which will be published on May 9th 2020 to mark Barrie's 160th birthday and is titled: Man and Boy. If you would like to contribute a piece please look at the Journal page for more information. Note that all contributors are eligible for free annual membership!
In 1892 Robert Louis Stevenson invited Barrie to Samoa.
He invited him again in 1893.
J.M.Barrie and his friend, fellow Scots writer S.R.Crockett considered going in the spring of 1894. But Barrie got sick and Crockett got famous. And Barrie got married and Crockett got more famous... and then Stevenson died.
To find out more about this 'almost unco adventure' you might like to discover S.R.Crockett via The Galloway Raiders www.gallowayraiders.co.uk
John Donne said 'No man is an island.' Barrie disagreed. Islands feature in much of Barrie's work and we might even say he developed a 'Theory of Islands'. If you want an introduction into this, why not check out Barrie's own 1894 article 'Wrecked on an Island' and Cally Phillips' 2018 conference paper 'Islands and Identity'
Sentimental Tommy and its sequel Tommy and Grizel are both available in Society Editions with Introductions by Society member Dr Sarah Green.
Tommy Sandys is a fictional tour de force. Beyond offering a 'prototype' for Peter Pan, Sentimental Tommy was recognised in its day as 'a book of genius' and 'a melancholy portrait'. 'Technically as well as in its combination of insight and emotion, this book stands highest amongst Mr Barrie's achievements' (A.T.Quiller Couch 1896). Along with its sequel we learn about boys and 'growing up'. But we can learn much more than that. Barrie's narrative skill in manipulating his characters, and narrator, is matched by his skill in manipulating his readers, giving a significant and nuanced view of the word 'sentiment'. As Dr Green states, Sentimental Tommy 'is always raising such questions, rewarding multiple and careful re-readings'.
The sequel Tommy and Grizel - whose 'wonderful description of the devious mazes in the mind of this spoiled, selfish child genius will surely rank as one of his creator's greatest achievements (Daily News 1900) is a tour de force of narrative flexibility and mutability. Dr Green observes 'It is also both a masterpiece and criticism of the genre. It deserves to be recognised as one of the supreme achievements of late Victorian literature.'
The place for people to find out more and exchange their thoughts about Barrie's work